My learning buddy Yan suggested the next step in learning Chinese Cantonese in to learn numbers and dates so here I am with part 4 of my Chinese learning project.
So basically, all the Chinese materials I am using are translated into Roman characters. It is recommended that as a beginner, the learners, especially those who have the first language such as English should start with Romanization system of Chinese first because, in order to read and write these ” 一 二 三 四 五 六 七 八 九 十”, it takes years!” We, Vietnamese, use Roman characters and our pronunciation and tones are quite similar to Chinese Cantonese so this is an advantage.
Anyway, so I first learned to count from 1 to 10, when I speak, I pay attention to the tones and pitches
For 11, you put 10 (sup) + 1 (yat) so 11 is pronounced as sup yat.
For 12, you put 10 (sup) + 2 (yee) so 12 is pronounced as sup yee.
For 13, you put 10 (sup) + 3 (sam) so 13 is pronounced as sup sam.
… the same thing applied to 14 – 19.
20 = 2 (yee) x 10 (sup) so 20 is pronounced as yee sup
21 = 20 (yee sup) + 1 (yat) so 21 is pronounced as yee sup yat
22 = 20 (yee sup) + 2 (yee) so 22 is pronounced as yee sup yee.
… the same thing applied to 23 – 29, and 29 – 99
100 = 1 (yat) X 100 (baak) so 100 is pronounced as yat baak
101 = 100 (yat baak) + 1 (yat) so 101 is pronounced as yat baak yat
148 = 100 (yat baak) + 40 (say sap) + 8 (baat) so 148 is pronounced as yat baak say sap baat
1000 = 1(yat) x 1000 (cheen) so 1000 is pronounced as yat cheen
1975 = 1000 (yat cheen) + 900 (gau baak) + 70 (chat sap) + 5 (mm) so 1975 is pronounced as yat cheen gau baak chat sap mm.
I was so frustrated because, in order to pronounce some numbers properly, I had to do the math first, like 1975 = 1000 + 900 + 70 + 5 = yat cheen gau baak chat sap mm 😀
Day: yat (same with the pronunciation of 1)
Week: sing kay
Date: yat kay
January: Yat (one) yoot
February: Yee (two) yoot
March: saam (three) yoot
April: say (four) yoot
May: mm (five) yoot
June: look (six) yoot
July: chat (seven) yoot
August: bat (eight) yoot
September: gow (nine) yoot
October: sap (ten) yoot
November: sap (ten) + yat (one) yoot
December: sap (ten) + yee (two) yoot
March 19th: saam yoot (March) + sap gow (19) yat (use “yat” at the end in the case of saying dates)
February 1st: yee yoot (February) + yat (one) yat
So now I know how to pronounce numbers and dates, the next step? let’s practice! So I thought of a way to practice reading numbers is to print out the bingo sheet and read out loud the numbers on the bingo sheet.
In order to practice reading dates, I printed out the 2018 calendar and randomly picked certain dates and spoke them out loud.
I hope I can “master” how to read numbers and dates in a few dates by keeping practicing. I will keep you guys updated on my learning progress.
Thank you for reading.